Natural and Physical Sciences

Natural and physical sciences is the study of all living organisms and inanimate natural objects, through experiment, observation and deduction. The theoretical content of this field of study includes:

  • Atmospheric sciences
  • Biological processes
  • Chemical reactions
  • Geological composition and structures
  • Laboratory methodology
  • Mathematical and statistical techniques
  • Observation and measurement
  • Scientific method
  • Subatomic particles and quantum mechanics
  • Thermodynamics and entropy

The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the workings of the universe, and to extend the body of scientific knowledge.

Information Technology

Information technology is the study of the processing, transmitting and storage of information by computers. The theoretical content of this field of study includes:

  • Computation theory
  • Computer programming
  • Data format and coding
  • Management, storage and retrieval of information in a computer environment
  • Robotics programming and artificial intelligence
  • Systems analysis

The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of information systems, programming languages, information management and artificial intelligence, and the ability to apply them to solve problems.

Engineering and Related Technologies

Engineering and related technologies is the study of the design, manufacture, installation, maintenance and functioning of machines, systems and structures; and the composition and processing of metals, ceramics, foodstuffs and other materials. It includes the measurement and mapping of the earth’s surface and its natural and constructed features. The theoretical content of this field of study includes:

  • Aeronautics
  • Engineering and manufacturing technology
  • Food technology
  • Land information technology and remote sensing
  • Materials science
  • Principles of design, drafting, planning and commissioning
  • Plant and machine maintenance

The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the conversion of materials and energy, the measurement and representation of objects, and the operation of plant, machinery and transport systems.